Lets take a look at some of the very very basic examples that you would have used.
Example 1: Database connection with Node.js and Hapi
Lets say your server is connecting to the database. Its working fine and this is how your
Now lets change the database name without restarting the node server
"database": "garbageDatabase", // changed the database name
Now if we hit the server, what do we expect? Should our server responds with the error or with the response as if nothing has happened?
The correct answer is that the server would respond as if nothing has changed. Looks like the database connection is made when the server starts. If we think about it a little more it makes sense as making connection to db is expensive. Looks like Singleton pattern is used here.
Example 2: Memory leak in Node.js
Lets take a look at this code
All this code does is whenever a request is made to <host:3000>, its starts pushing an array into
myBigFatArray. Lets try and simulate this server to a production server where you receive multiple request with many concurrent users. To do this we will use Apache Benchmark. We use the following commands:
Start apache benchmark:
ab -n 30000 -c 20 http://127.0.0.1:3000/
While running the benchmark you would eventually run out of memory and get this error
<--- Last few GCs --->17065 ms: Mark-sweep 1042.2 (1457.9) -> 1042.1 (1457.9) MB, 162.8 / 0 ms [allocation failure] [scavenge might not succeed].
17232 ms: Mark-sweep 1042.1 (1457.9) -> 1042.1 (1457.9) MB, 166.8 / 0 ms [allocation failure] [scavenge might not succeed].
17407 ms: Mark-sweep 1042.1 (1457.9) -> 1042.1 (1457.9) MB, 175.0 / 0 ms [last resort gc].
17587 ms: Mark-sweep 1042.1 (1457.9) -> 1042.1 (1457.9) MB, 180.5 / 0 ms [last resort gc].<--- JS stacktrace --->==== JS stack trace =========================================Security context: 0x134324bb4629 <JS Object>
2: /* anonymous */(aka /* anonymous */) [/Users/abhinavdhasmana/Documents/Personal/sourcecode/memoryLeak/server.js:~13] [pc=0x571bd8907f4] (this=0x134324b041b9 <undefined>,request=0x32a5bb2fbbd1 <JS Object>,reply=0x32a5bb2fdd81 <JS Function reply (SharedFunctionInfo 0x271b1d0a7f39)>)
3: handler [/Users/abhinavdhasmana/Documents/Personal/sourcecode/memoryLeak/node_modules/hapi/lib/handle...FATAL ERROR: CALL_AND_RETRY_LAST Allocation failed - process out of memory
 46301 abort node server.js
If we look at this problem, we will realize that the problem is our
myBigFatArray. Looks like it is initialized once the lifetime of the server. If it would have been inside the
handler , it would have been just fine as GC would have cleaned it up upon the end of each request. Another simple example of Singleton pattern.